Showing posts with label ubuntu. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ubuntu. Show all posts

What are the maximum number of usable partitions in a disk in Linux

Linux can generally have two types of Disks. IDE and SCSI.
IDE
By convention, IDE drives will be given device names /dev/hda to /dev/hdd. Hard Drive A (/dev/hda) is the first drive and Hard Drive C (/dev/hdc) is the third.
A typical PC has two IDE controllers, each of which can have two drives connected to it. For example, /dev/hda is the first drive (master) on the first IDE controller and /dev/hdd is the second (slave) drive on the second controller (the fourth IDE drive in the computer).
Maximum usable partitions 63 for IDE disks.
SCSI
SCSI drives follow a similar pattern; They are represented by ‘sd’ instead of ‘hd’. The first partition of the second SCSI drive would therefore be /dev/sdb1.
Maximum usable partitions 15 for SCSI disks.
A partition is labeled to host a certain kind of file system (not to be confused with a volume label). Such a file system could be the linux standard ext2 file system or linux swap space, or even foreign file systems like (Microsoft) NTFS or (Sun) UFS. There is a numerical code associated with each partition type. For example, the code for ext2 is 0x83 and linux swap is 0x82.
To see a list of partition types and their codes, execute /sbin/sfdisk -T

Solved: How to add swap space in Redhat or Ubuntu Linux

In this post  we will see how we can add a file as swap space in Linux. Same steps are to be followed for Redhat and Ubuntu Linux.
Type the following command to create 100MB swap file (1024 * 100MB = 102400 block size):
dd if=/dev/zero of=/swap1 bs=1024 count=102400
Secure swap file
Setup correct file permission for security reasons, enter:
# sudo chown root:root /swap1# sudo chmod 0600 /swap1
Set up a Linux swap area
Type the following command to set up a Linux swap area in a file:
# sudo mkswap /swap1
Activate /swap1 swap space :
# sudo swapon /swap1
Update /etc/fstab file to make it persistent across reboot.
vi /etc/fstab
Add the following line in file:
/swap1 swap swap defaults 0 0
To check if the swap file is added or not
Type the following swapon command:
#sudo swapon -sFilename Type Size Used Priority/dev/dm-0 partition 839676 0 -1/swap1 file 102396 0 -2
It should show you the new file.
If you want add a logical volume for swap please refer how to add LV for swap .