Showing posts with label CentOS. Show all posts
Showing posts with label CentOS. Show all posts

Solved: Create virtual environment with python 3 in linux

Once you have installed python 3.6 as described in the last post you can create virtual environment to work with it.
  • First let’s install the package of virtual environment for python 3.
CentOS/RHEL
sudo yum install -y python3-venv
Ubuntu
sudo apt-get install -y python3-venv 
  • Create a directory for you virtual environment and get inside it.
mkdir virtualenvscd virtualenvs
  • Now let’s create our virtual environment.
python3.6 -m venv cloudvedasenv
  • Finally activate the new virtual environment. Notice the new environment name in brackets once you run the source command. That means you are now inside the virtual environment.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ source cloudvedasenv/bin/activate
(cloudvedasenv) [ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$
  • If you want to install a package inside the virtual environment you can use pip .
(cloudvedasenv) [ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ pip install zappa requests flask

Solved: Install Python 3 in Linux and set it as default

In this post we will show you how to install python 3 in a Linux box. We have Centos 7 installed in our server.
Check installed python version
Most of the Linux versions by default have python installed. So let's check the current version.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ python --version
 Python 2.7.5
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$
As we can see from the above output, currently we have Python 2 installed and we need Python 3 so let's install it.
Install pre-requisites
Before we install python 3 let's first update the yum.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ sudo yum -y update
Also, install yum utils.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ sudo yum -y install yum-utils
And at the end install the CentOS development tools which will help you build and compile software from source code.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ sudo yum -y groupinstall development
Install python 3.6.4
The standard yum repos does not have the latest python release, so we will install IUM (Inline with Upstream Stable) which will have the latest packages.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ sudo yum -y install https://centos7.iuscommunity.org/ius-release.rpm
Now let's install Python 3.6.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ sudo yum -y install python36u
Next we will install pip, which will manage software packages for Python:
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ sudo yum -y install python36u-pip
Finally, we will install the development packages.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ sudo yum -y install python36u-devel
Let' check our  python version
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ python3.6 -V
Python 3.6.4
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$
Update default python
But if you still run the normal command to check python version it will show the Python 2 version if it was installed by default.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ python --version
 Python 2.7.5
 [ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$
To reflect the new python version by default you create an alias in .bashrc file as described below in the last line of the file.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ sudo vi ~/.bashrc

# .bashrc
# Source global definitions
if [ -f /etc/bashrc ]; then . /etc/bashrc fi
# Uncomment the following line if you don't like systemctl's auto-paging feature:
# export SYSTEMD_PAGER=
# User specific aliases and functions
alias python=python3.6
After making the changes save the file. Now, logout and login again, it should show you the new version.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ python -V
Python 3.6.4
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$
Check all installed python versions
Do remember that the default python 2 will still remain in the system as lot of system binaries have dependency on it.
To check all the python versions in your box you can check the installed packages as below.
[ec2-user@cloudvedas ~]$ yum list installed | grep -i python
If you want to create virtual environments in python read our next post.